The condition in which the breasts get enlarged and become prominent in men due to weight gain or usually hormonal reasons is known as gynecomastia. The side effects of medicines that cause psychological stress can sometimes lead to gynecomastia, as well. The development of the pectoral muscles cannot be defined as gynecomastia. The breast consists of 2 main tissues: adipose tissue and mammary glands. In gynecomastia, the classification is made based on the increase in these tissues, and the treatment procedure is determined accordingly.
Forty percent of gynecomastia cases are seen at the ages of 10 to 16, while this rate may reach 65% during the periods of the fastest growth of the individual. Most gynecomastia symptoms disappear spontaneously in about two years, while even more disappear in about three years. A very small number of cases may remain unhealed. Gynecomastia observed at later ages is usually caused by fat accumulation in the chest area. In gynecomastia cases that do not disappear spontaneously within 3 to 4 years, the treatment method is surgery.
Gynecomastia surgery can be performed under local or general anesthesia. The type of anesthesia is decided on by considering the patient’s age and breast size. The operation takes 1 to 1.5 hours on average. After gynecomastia surgery, the patient can go home on the following day. The patient can take a bath and return to work 2 to 3 days after surgery.
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